Setting up snakePipes

Unlike many other pipelines, setting up snakePipes is easy! All you need is a linux/OSX system with python3-conda installation.

Installing conda with python3

Follow the instructions here to install either miniconda or anaconda. A minimal version (miniconda) is enough for snakePipes. Get the miniconda installer here.

After installation, check your python path and version :

$ which python
$ /your_path/miniconda3/bin/python

$ python --version # anything above 3.5 is ok!
$ Python 3.6.5 :: Anaconda, Inc.

$ conda --version # only for sanity check
$ conda 4.5.8

Next, install snakePipes.

Installing snakePipes

The easiest way to install snakePipes is via our conda channel. The following command install snakePipes and also creates a conda virtual environment named snakePipes, which you can then activate via conda activate snakePipes. Specifying snakePipes version avoids issues with conda's environment solver.

conda create -n snakePipes -c mpi-ie -c conda-forge -c bioconda snakePipes==2.4.3

This way, the software used within snakePipes do not conflict with the software pre-installed on your terminal or in your python environment.


This might take a few minutes depending on the access to conda channels.

snakePipes is going to move to mamba in the future.

Development installation

If you wish to modify snakePipes you can install it via pip from within a conda environment, using our GitHub repository .

conda create -n snakepipes python=3.7 snakemake pandas graphviz fuzzywuzzy
conda activate snakepipes
pip install git+

Instead of providing the URL to pip, you can also clone our GitHub repository on your computer, and modify the code before running snakePipes. Please see Advanced usage of snakePipes for more information on how to modify and extend snakePipes workflows.

Testing whether the installation went fine

After installation, you can activate the snakePipes environment via

conda activate snakePipes

In case you installed conda using the latest version of conda installers (eg. minicoda 4.5.* or later), the conda command might not be available inside an environment. To enable this, export the path to conda/bin in your $PATH (or append the path manually in your bashrc)

export PATH="/path/to/miniconda3/bin:$PATH"

Snakemake and pandas are installed along with snakePipes as requirements. Ensure you have them working by testing these commands:

snakemake --help
snakePipes --help

Modify global options

It is often useful to store organism YAML files and the cluster configuration file outside of snakePipes, so that these can be used across snakePipes versions without needing to make copies. Since snakePipes 1.3.0, this can be done by modifying the defaults.yaml file, the location of which is given by snakePipes info. Instead of manually modifying this file, you may also use snakePipes config.

To see the location of the various YAML files so you can manually inspect them, you can use:

snakePipes info

This would show the locations of:

It is a good idea to keep a copy of your defaults.yaml, cluster.yaml and the whole organism folder in a dedicated location e.g. some folder outside the snakePipes installation folder named "snakePipes_configs" . You can configure snakePipes to use these files after a fresh installation or update with snakePipes config --organismsDir my_organisms_dir --clusterConfig my_cluster_config . This will also work if you add --configMode recycle.

Create the conda environments

All the tools required for running various pipelines are installed via various conda repositories (mainly bioconda). The following commands installs the tools and creates the respective conda environments.

snakePipes createEnvs


Creating the environments might take 1 hour. But it only has to be done once.


snakePipes createEnvs will also set the snakemakeOptions: line in the global snakePipes defaults.yaml files. If you have already modified this then use the --keepCondaDir option.


If you installed with pip you must use the --develop option.

The place where the conda envs are created (and therefore the tools are installed) is defined in snakePipes/defaults.yaml file on our GitHub repository. You can modify it to suite your needs.

Here are the content of defaults.yaml:

snakemakeOptions: '--use-conda --conda-prefix /data/general/scratch/conda_envs'


Whenever you change the snakemakeOptions: line in defaults.yaml, you should run snakePipes createEnvs to ensure that the conda environments are then created.

Running snakePipes createEnvs is not strictly required, but facilitates multiple users using the same snakePipes installation.

Configure the organisms

For each organism of your choice, create a file called <organism>.yaml in the folder specified by organismsDir in defaults.yaml and fill the paths to the required files next to the corresponding yaml entry. For common organisms, the required files are downloaded and the yaml entries can be created automatically via the workflow createIndices.

The yaml files look like this after the setup (an example from drosophila genome dm3) :

# Integer, size of genome in base-pairs
genome_size: 142573017
# path to genome.fasta for mapping
genome_fasta: "/data/repository/organisms/dm3_ensembl/genome_fasta/genome.fa"
# path to genome.fasta.fai (fasta index) for mapping
genome_index: "/data/repository/organisms/dm3_ensembl/genome_fasta/genome.fa.fai"
# OPTIONAL. Needed for GC bias estimation by deepTools
genome_2bit: "/data/repository/organisms/dm3_ensembl/genome_fasta/genome.2bit"
# Needed for DNA-mapping workflow
bowtie2_index: "/data/repository/organisms/dm3_ensembl/BowtieIndex/genome"
# index of the genome.fasta using HISAT2, needed for RNA-seq workflow
hisat2_index: "/data/repository/organisms/dm3_ensembl/HISAT2Index/genome"
# needed by HISAT2 for RNA-seq workflow
known_splicesites: "/data/repository/organisms/dm3_ensembl/ensembl/release-78/HISAT2/splice_sites.txt"
bwa_index: "/data/repository/organisms/dm3_ensembl/BWAindex/genome.fa"
# index of the genome.fasta using STAR, needed for RNA-seq workflow
star_index: "/data/repository/organisms/dm3_ensembl/STARIndex/"
# Needed for QC and annotation in DNA-mapping/RNA-Seq workflows
genes_bed: "/data/repository/organisms/dm3_ensembl/Ensembl/release-78/genes.bed"
# Needed for QC and annotation in DNA-mapping/RNA-Seq workflows
genes_gtf: "/data/repository/organisms/dm3_ensembl/Ensembl/release-78/genes.gtf"
# OPTIONAL. For QC and filtering of regions in multiple workflows.
# STRING. Name of the chromosomes to ignore for calculation of normalization factors for coverage files
ignoreForNormalization: "U Uextra X XHet YHet dmel_mitochondrion_genome"


Do not edit the yaml keywords corresponding to each required entry.


Some fields are optional and can be left empty. For example, if a blacklist file is not available for your organism of interest, leave blacklist_bed: empty. Files for either STAR or HISAT2 could be skipped for RNA-seq if the respective aligner is not used. We nevertheless recommended providing all the files, to allow more flexible analysis.

After setting up the yamls, we can execute a snakePipes workflow on the organism of choice by referring to the organism as dm3, where the keyword dm3 matches the name of the yaml file (dm3.yaml).


The name of the yaml file (except the .yaml suffix) is used as keyword to refer to the organism while running the workflows.

Download premade indices

For the sake of convenience, we provide premade indices for the following organisms:

To use these, simply download and extract them. You will then need to modify the provided YAML file to indicate exactly where the indices are located (i.e., replace /data/processing/ryan with whatever is appropriate).

Configure your cluster

The cluster.yaml file contains both the default memory requirements as well as two options passed to snakemake that control how jobs are submitted to the cluster and files are retrieved:

snakemake_latency_wait: 300
snakemake_cluster_cmd: module load slurm; SlurmEasy --mem-per-cpu {cluster.memory} --threads {threads} --log {snakePipes_cluster_logDir} --name {rule}.snakemake
snakePipes_cluster_logDir: cluster_logs
    memory: 8G
    memory: 10G

The location of this file must be specified by the clusterConfig value in defaults.yaml.

You can change the default per-core memory allocation if needed here. Importantly, the snakemake_cluster_cmd option must be changed to match your needs (see table below). Whatever command you specify must include a {cluster.memory} option and a {threads} option. You can specify other required options here as well. The snakemake_latency_wait value defines how long snakemake should wait for files to appear before throwing an error. The default of 300 seconds is typically reasonable when a file system such as NFS is in use. Please also note that there are additional memory settings for each workflow in snakePipes/workflows/[workflow]/cluster.yaml that you might need to adjust.

snakePipes_cluster_logDir: can be used like a wildcard in snakemake_cluster_cmd to specify the directory for the stdout and stderr files from a job that is running on the cluster. This is given separate to make sure the directory exists before execution. A relative path is treated relative to the ouput directory of the workflow. If you want, you can also give an absolute log directory starting with /.

Scheduler/Queuing snakemake_cluster_cmd example
snakemake_cluster_cmd: module load slurm; sbatch --ntasks-per-node=1
   -c {threads} -J {rule}.snakemake --mem-per-cpu={cluster.memory}
   -p MYQUEUE -o {snakePipes_cluster_logDir}/{rule}.%j.out
   -e {snakePipes_cluster_logDir}/{rule}.%j.err
snakePipes_cluster_logDir: cluster_logs
snakemake_cluster_cmd: qsub -N {rule}.snakemake
   -q MYQUEUE -l pmem={cluster.memory}
   -l walltime=20:00:00 -l nodes=1:ppn={cluster.threads}
   -o {snakePipes_cluster_logDir}/{rule}.\$PBS_JOBID.out
   -e {snakePipes_cluster_logDir}/{rule}.\$PBS_JOBID.err
snakePipes_cluster_logDir: cluster_logs
SGE Please send us a working example!

Configure default options for workflows

The default options for all command-line arguments as well as for the cluster (memory) are stored in the workflow-specific folders. If you have cloned the repository locally, these files are located under snakePipes/workflows/<workflow_name> folder. You can modify the values in these yamls to suite your needs. Most of the default values could also be replaced from the command line wrappers while executing a workflow.

Below are some of the workflow defaults from the DNA-mapping pipeline. Empty sections means no default is set:

## key for the genome name (eg. dm3)
## FASTQ file extension (default: ".fastq.gz")
ext: '.fastq.gz'
## paired-end read name extension (default: ['_R1', "_R2"])
reads: [_R1, _R2]
## mapping mode
mode: mapping
aligner: Bowtie2
## Number of reads to downsample from each FASTQ file
## Options for trimming
trim: False
trimmer: cutadapt
## Bin size of output files in bigWig format
bwBinSize: 25
## Run FASTQC read quality control
fastqc: false
## Run computeGCBias quality control
GCBias: false
## Retain only de-duplicated reads/read pairs
dedup: false
## Retain only reads with at least the given mapping quality
mapq: 0

Test data

Test data for the various workflows is available at the following locations:

code @ github.